The city of Rio de janeiro viewed from Guanabara Bay
View to Rio de Janeiro from Guanabara Bay. Photo by Anatoly Terentiev, 22 January 2006




The coastline of the current state of Rio de Janeiro was inhabited by Indians of macro-jê linguistic branch thousands of years ago. Around the year 1000, the region was conquered by people of Tupi language coming from Amazon. One of these people, tamoios, also known as tupinambás, occupied the area around Guanabara Bay in the sixteenth century, when the Portuguese arrived in the region.

Ipanema Sunset
Baia da Guanabara (1903) - The hills Face Dog, Sugar Loaf and Urca formed an island called Ilha da Trindade and not a peninsula, as today, the result of a grounding done in the sixteenth century


The Guanabara Bay, the margins of which the Rio de Janeiro town was organized, was on January 1, 1502. The Portuguese mistook the mouth of a great river, then called it "Rio de Janeiro", because it was discovered in January.


The relief that fits, irregular contours, forms a natural haven, conducive to human economic activity, examples of which are the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Niterói.


The Guanabara Bay was the main access to the city of Rio de Janeiro for centuries, eventually engulfed by urban growth from the second half of the twentieth century.

Currently, it has a heavy traffic of ships, being also a significant movement of ferries, catamarans and hydrofoils that connect the center of Rio de Janeiro to Paquetá Island, The island of the Governor, the center of Niterói and Charitas (Niterói). There is a road to go directly to Niterói by a bridge, since 1974, better known as "Rio-Niterói Bridge."


Guanabara Bay Entry
View to Guanabara Bay Entry from Morro do Leme.






Guanabara Bay Boat Tours: Held aboard the tug Laurindo Pitta along Guanabara Bay, this tour is one of the most beautiful in Rio de Janeiro, allowing the visitor to know the main sights and historic city.

desenvolvimento:Claudia Valle